United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Flag of the United Kingdom Royal coat of arms of the UK
Flag Coat of Arms
Anthem: God save the Queen


Dieu et mon droit

Location :

EU-United Kingdom
Capital London
Largest City London

Official language(s)

recognized languages


Irish , Scottish Gaelic , Scots , Welsh , Cornish

Ethenic Groups

92.1% White

  • 4.0% South Asian
  • 2.0% Black
  • 1.2% Mixed
  • 0.4% Chinese
  • 0.4% Other
Demonym British, Briton
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with federal elements
- Monarch

Queen Elizabeth II

- Prime Minister David Cameron
Legislature Parliament
- Acts of Union 1707  - Acts of Union 1800 - Anglo-Irish Treaty

1 May 1707

1 January 1801

6 December 1922

- Total 243,610 km2
- 2011 Census 63,181,775
Currency Pound Sterling
Time Zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the - left
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Internet TLD - .uk
Calling code - +44
ISO 3166 code GB

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK), is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain an north eastern Ireland[1]and many smaller islands. 

Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and north, the North Sea in the east, the English Channel in the south, and the Irish Sea in the west.

The UK's form of government is a constitutional monarchy[2] with a parliamentary system and its capital is London. The United Kingdom is also a unitary state [3] consisting of four countries which are: Wales, England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.


The 1707 Acts of Union stated England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".


The unified Kingdom of Great Britain came into existence on 1 May 1707, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to ratify the 1706 Treaty of Union and so unite the two kingdoms.

In the 18th century, cabinet government developed under Robert Walpole, in practice the first prime minister. A series of rebellions sought to remove the House of Hannover from the British throne and restore the House of Stuart. 

They were finally defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 in which Scottish Highlanders were brutally suppressed. In 1782, the British colonies in North America that broke away became the United States of America in which British imperial ambition turned elsewhere, particularly India.[4]

During the 18th century, the British were involved in the Atlantic slave trade and the British exported an estimated 2 million slaves from Africa to the West Indies before banning trade in 1807.[5]

The term 'United Kingdom' became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.


  1. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another sovereign state, providing the dependencies of Gibraltar and Akrotiri and Dhekelia are excluded. Gibraltar shares a border with Spain, whereas Akrotiri and Dhekelia share borders with the Republic of Cyprus, with Dhekelia also sharing borders with the internationally unrecognised Turkish-administered Republic of Northern Cyprus and the UN buffer zone separating the two Cypriot states.
  2. Official governmental form of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  3. The United Kingdom is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland along with England are the four constituent countries of the UK, which each maintain a degree of autonomous devolved power. However, all except England have a devolved legislature.
  4. British in India
  5. Sailing against slavery BBC

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