United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
|Anthem: God save the Queen |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with federal elements|
|-||Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|- Acts of Union 1707 - Acts of Union 1800 - Anglo-Irish Treaty||
1 May 1707
1 January 1801
6 December 1922
|Time Zone||GMT (UTC+0)|
|Drives on the||- left|
|Internet TLD||- .uk|
|Calling code||- +44|
|ISO 3166 code||GB|
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK), is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain an north eastern Irelandand many smaller islands.
The UK's form of government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and its capital is London. The United Kingdom is also a unitary state  consisting of four countries which are: Wales, England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
The unified Kingdom of Great Britain came into existence on 1 May 1707, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to ratify the 1706 Treaty of Union and so unite the two kingdoms.
In the 18th century, cabinet government developed under Robert Walpole, in practice the first prime minister. A series of rebellions sought to remove the House of Hannover from the British throne and restore the House of Stuart.
They were finally defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 in which Scottish Highlanders were brutally suppressed. In 1782, the British colonies in North America that broke away became the United States of America in which British imperial ambition turned elsewhere, particularly India.
The term 'United Kingdom' became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- ↑ Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another sovereign state, providing the dependencies of Gibraltar and Akrotiri and Dhekelia are excluded. Gibraltar shares a border with Spain, whereas Akrotiri and Dhekelia share borders with the Republic of Cyprus, with Dhekelia also sharing borders with the internationally unrecognised Turkish-administered Republic of Northern Cyprus and the UN buffer zone separating the two Cypriot states.
- ↑ Official governmental form of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- ↑ The United Kingdom is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland along with England are the four constituent countries of the UK, which each maintain a degree of autonomous devolved power. However, all except England have a devolved legislature.
- ↑ British in India
- ↑ Sailing against slavery BBC