Android is a software platform and operating system for mobile devices, developed by Android, Inc. (later acquired by Google). It is currently the most popular mobile operating system, using Linux and Java running on top of a Google-created JVM as the programming language. The first Android phone was sold in 2008, and by 2010 it had become the leading mobile operating system.
Several lawsuits have been filed against Google by Apple, Microsoft, Oracle and other companies via patents to limit and hurt Android-based software and hardware. However, very few, if any of the ones aimed directly at the Android operating system have been successful.
Android runs on a number of different types of mobile devices. It is most commonly found on smartphones and tablets. Other projects (some from Google itself) are planned to run on Android as well. Most personal computers can also run Android, with an almost full set of Android features and hardware support as a regular Linux install.
Versions of AndroidEdit
Since it's beginning, Android has gone through a number of version updates. With the exception of the first couple versions, each version is named after a different food, and is also given it's own number. For example, the newest version is Android 4.1 Jelly Bean.